The 1860 presidential election was conducted amid a charged sectional atmosphere, as sectional tensions had been building for a decade and-a-half. "[5] Even so, he was considered a moderate on the issue of slavery. But by the 1860 presidential election, with Abraham Lincoln as its nominee, the party ran on a more moderate diversified platform, advocating for western expansion and development, however abolition was still at the core of the party. But perhaps no election carried more weight for the United States than the election of 1860. Home 2020 Election Results Election Info Weblog Forum Wiki Search Email Login Site Info Store 1860 Presidential General Election Results Note: The Google advertisement links below may advocate political positions that this site does not endorse. Sources: Electoral and popular vote totals based on data from the United States Office of the Federal Register and Congressional Quarterly's Guide to U.S. This election had several viable candidates and parties. The 1864 United States presidential election, the 20th quadrennial presidential election, was held on Tuesday, November 8, 1864.In the midst of the American Civil War, incumbent President Abraham Lincoln of the National Union Party easily defeated the Democratic nominee, former General George B. McClellan, by a wide margin of 212–21 in the electoral college, with 55% of the popular vote. The Democratic Party met in April 1860, in Charleston, South Carolina. The 2020 presidential election is certainly as consequential as that of 1860. [6], From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, United States presidential election, 1860, "The Most Consequential Elections in History: Abraham Lincoln and the Election of 1860", "First Shots of the Civil War Fired at Fort Sumter", https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1860_United_States_presidential_election&oldid=7029976, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. Prior to running for president, Lincoln had served in Congress as a representative from Illinois. The election of 1860 proved to be the breaking point for an already unstable nation. Elections, 4th ed. Jefferson Davis, who would become president of the Confederate States with 97% of the popular vote, was born in Kentucky as well as Lincoln and Breckinridge. The 1860 Presidential Election was held in November on the 6th in 1860. The Election Results of 1860 Lincoln Elected. Whether you have hours at your disposal, or just a few minutes, 1860 Presidential Election study sets are an efficient way to maximize your learning time. The election of President Abraham Lincoln served as a trigger for the outbreak of the American Civil War. The Election was a landslide and Lincoln showed the Democrats to their table. In the spring of 1860 the Democratic Party met in Charleston, South Carolina. This site also contains the Republican Party Platform, the Democratic Party Platform, Democratic Party Platform (Breckinridge Faction), and the Constitutional Union Party Platform. The United States had been divided during the 1850s on questions surrounding the expansion of slavery and the rights of slave owners. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In his inaugural address, Lincoln spoke to the Southern states. The southern democrats chose John C. Lincoln was opposed to slavery in the territories. [2] The party included a few southern democrats who were against slavery. A disagreement over the parties stand on slavery had many southern states withdraw candidates. Republican Presidential Candidate Abraham Lincoln is going up against Democrat Stephen A. Douglas. The presidential election of 1860 set the stage for the American Civil war. Members of political parties held rallies and torchlight parades, but such public displays were considered beneath the dignity of the candidates. Letter In Ending Slavery, the Abolitionists Came First. The winner of the election, Abraham Lincoln, was an opponent of slavery. The convention body was split between Northerners, who supported popular sovereignty (the ability of a state to decide itself whether to allow slavery or not,) and Southerners, who wanted the Democratic party to defend the right to hold slaves. The Election of 1860 The presidential election was held on November 6, 1860. The results of the 1860 U.S. presidential election are provided in the table. Later, a third group, The newly formed Constitutional Union Party chose John Bell as their candidate. [4] Abraham Lincoln had become known as a result of his debates with Stephen A. Douglas. Four men ran for president in 1860: Stephen Douglas, Abraham Lincoln, John Bell, and John Breckinridge. The 1860 Presidential Election was held in November on the 6th in 1860. Douglas received 1,376,957 votes. 1860 Presidential Election Statistics. [4], Lincoln's position on the issue of slavery was known from his senatorial debates with Stephen Douglas in 1858. HarpWeek: The Presidential Elections 1860-1912 Abraham Lincoln, age 51 - detail from an ambrotype taken during the 1860 presidential campaign by Preston Butler, Springfield, Illinois. The North had many more electoral votes due to the population advantage. The Election was a landslide and Lincoln showed the Democrats to their table. In April 1860 Democrats met in Charleston, South Carolina to select a candidate for the upcoming presidential election. By Lincoln’s inauguration in March, 1861 seven states from the Deep South had already left the Union. The Republican Party was not a national party but rather a party of the North. The Republican party saw an opportunity when the democrats were split. The name of its presidential candidate, Abraham Lincoln, an ardent opponent of … The Republican Party was relatively new; 1860 was only the second time the party had a candidate in the presidential race. Discover free flashcards, games, and test prep activities designed to help you learn about 1860 Presidential Election and other concepts. Instead he only spoke out against slavery in new American territories.[5]. [2] The convention was in complete chaos. Before Lincoln's inauguration as president, seven Southern states declared their secession. Election of 1860. The 1860 presidential election of Abraham Lincoln greatly contributed to the outbreak of the Civil War. The United States presidential election of 1860 set the stage for the American Civil War.The nation had been divided throughout most of the 1850s on questions of states' rights and slavery in the territories. The 1860 presidential election of Abraham Lincoln greatly contributed to the outbreak of the Civil War. Four men ran for president in 1860: Stephen Douglas, Abraham Lincoln, John Bell, and John Breckinridge. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Lincoln President-Elect: Abraham Lincoln and the Great Secession Winter, 1860-1861 11/25/08 - Duration: 9:57. The presidential election of 1860 was by far the most controversial election in American history because it was seen as a boiling point on the hugely contentious issue of slavery. The Northern wing nominated Stephen A. Douglas on a platform favouring the doctrine of popular sovereignty, whereby the people of each territory would decide whether to allow slavery within their region’s boundaries, while the Southerners chose Breckinridge on a separate ticket demanding federal intervention…. Lincoln did appear at one rally in Springfield, Illinois in August. The name of its presidential candidate, Abraham Lincoln, an ardent opponent of slavery, would not…, …convention in the summer of 1860. A disagreement over the parties stand on slavery had many southern states withdraw candidates. New-York Historical Society 2,566 views 280-305. Douglas. The 1860 Presidential Campaign . The United States presidential election of 1860 was perhaps the most pivotal in American history. Clear this text input. The United States presidential election of 1860 was held on Tuesday, November 6, 1860. This site also contains the Republican Party Platform, the Democratic Party Platform, Democratic Party Platform (Breckinridge Faction), and the Constitutional Union Party Platform. The Republican Convention. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, United States presidential election of 1860, United States Presidential Election of 2016, United States Presidential Election of 2008, United States presidential election of 2000, United States presidential election of 2004, United States presidential election of 1992, United States presidential election of 1996, United States presidential election of 1984, United States presidential election of 1980, United States presidential election of 1968, United States presidential election of 1988. Between the time Lincoln was nominated and the election in November, he had little to do. 1860 Presidential Election Candidates. The American Presidency Project Web site presents election results from the 1860 presidential election. The United States Presidential Election of 1860 main issue was slavery and states’ rights. [5] Two states, Kentucky and Missouri, attempted to remain neutral. Red shows states won by Lincoln, green by Breckinridge, orange by Bell.Numbers are Electoral College votes in each state by the 1850 Census. 1860 Presidential Election. The election of President Abraham Lincoln served as a trigger for the outbreak of the American Civil War. In the spring of 1860 the Democratic Party met in Charleston, South Carolina. They were later joined by Virginia, North Carolina, Arkansas, and Tennessee. The Republican Convention. Breckinridge. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. https://amzn.to/3fdakiZMr. The issue of the day was slavery and secession. Courtesy of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum. "[5] Lincoln called them friends and told them we are not enemies. In 1860, these issues broke the Democratic Party into three factions. [1] Each group felt they could best defeat the Republican Party candidate.[1]. Jefferson Davis, who would become president of the Confederate States with 97% of the popular vote, was born in Kentucky as well as Lincoln and Breckinridge. Presidential Inauguration × Contact Us. [2] He was the Vice President of the United States under President James Buchanan. The Constitutional Union Party was against secession and neutral on the issue of slavery. The United States presidential election of 1860 was the 19th quadrennial presidential election.The election was held on Tuesday, November 6, 1860, and served as the immediate impetus for the outbreak of the American Civil War.The United States had been divided during the 1850s on questions surrounding the expansion of slavery and the rights of slave owners. The American Presidency Project Web site presents election results from the 1860 presidential election. Susan Schulten: The 1860 election was unlike any other, because for the first time the contest wasn’t only party versus party. The Constitutional Union Party was also new; 1860 was the first and only time the party ran a candidate for president. It is, as Biden is fond of saying, a battle for the "soul of America." Below are tables of statistics showing various data relating to the 1860 Presidential Election Results. He had the advantage the convention was held in Chicago, the center of his support. [2] Southern democrats would not support him because he supported new states having the popular sovereignty right to choose whether they would allow slavery. Lincoln President-Elect: Abraham Lincoln and the Great Secession Winter, 1860-1861 11/25/08 - Duration: 9:57. The presidential election of 1860 wasn’t just contentious—it tore the nation apart. Start studying The 1860 Presidential Election. Presidential Election of 1860 The Democrats met in Charleston, South Carolina, in April 1860 to select their candidate for President. But by the 1860 presidential election, with Abraham Lincoln as its nominee, the party ran on a more moderate diversified platform, advocating for western expansion and development, however abolition was still at the core of the party. The 1860 United States presidential was the 16th quadrennial election that was held on November 6th 1860. The United States presidential election of 1860 set the stage for the American Civil War. The United States Presidential Election of 1860 main issue was slavery and states' rights. An overview of the bitterly contested U.S. Presidential Election of 1860. This election is only second to the election of 1876 for largest voter turnout in US history. The 1860 election saw Abraham Lincoln win the office of president of the United States. HarpWeek: The Presidential Elections 1860-1912 Lincoln won the election with 1,866,452 votes. You have no oath registered in heaven to destroy the government, while I shall have the most solemn one to 'preserve, protect, and defend' it. He was the very first Republican to serve as president, eventually leading the Union to victory during the civil war. By 1860, the nation had been divided mostly up to that point regarding questions of states’ rights and slavery in the territories. The United States presidential election of 1860 was the 19th quadrennial presidential election.The election was held on Tuesday, November 6, 1860, and served as the immediate impetus for the outbreak of the American Civil War.The United States had been divided during the 1850s on questions surrounding the expansion of slavery and the rights of slave owners. Presidential Election of 1860: Results The splitting of the Democratic party meant the Republicans held a huge advantage. [3] William H. Seward was the favorite among many. The 1860 Presidential Election New York based envelope manufacturer S. Raynor produced this 1860 campaign cover. An overview of the bitterly contested U.S. Presidential Election of 1860. On April 12, 1861, the first shots of the Civil War were fired at Fort Sumter, South Carolina. Annual Report of the Secretary of State, to the Governor of the State of Ohio: For The Year 1860, as published in the Message and Reports To The General Assembly and Governor of the State of Ohio For The Year 1860, Part I. Exploring the 1860 election helps us to understand the development of political parties, voting, and radicalism in American politics. With four candidates seeking the White House in 1860, the election of Abraham Lincoln prompted South Carolina's secession, the establishment of the Confederate States of America, and the Civil War. Lincoln did very well in the northern states, and though he garnered less than 40 percent of the popular vote nationwide, he won a landslide victory in the electoral college. They understood very well what was going on with the Democratic Party. The 1860 Presidential Election New York based envelope manufacturer S. Raynor produced this 1860 campaign cover. The Republican Party was not a national party but rather a party of the North. Later, in a separate convention, the northern democrats met again and chose Douglas. Below are tables of statistics showing various data relating to the 1860 Presidential Election Results. Election Facts. Detailed national-level Presidential Election Results for 1860. Unfortunately by this time Jefferson Davis was already the president of the Confederacy. John Breckinridge and John Bell shared the remaining 1,438,660 votes cast. The slavery debate of the 1850's finally came to fruition in this election. New-York Historical Society 2,566 views Susan Schulten: The 1860 election was unlike any other, because for the first time the contest wasn’t only party versus party. The Republicans met in Chicago in mid-May, and they were upbeat. Republican Presidential Candidate Abraham Lincoln is going up against Democrat Stephen A. Douglas. The results of the 1860 election pushed the nation into war. Lincoln then squared off against Douglas, the Democratic nominee in the 1860 presidential election, in a series of famous debates. All had various stands on slavery and secession. The winner of the election, Abraham Lincoln, was an opponent of slavery. It also included members of the Whig Party and the Know Nothing party. By 1860, the nation had been divided mostly up to that point regarding questions of states’ rights and slavery in the territories. This page was last changed on 12 July 2020, at 11:50. The Presidential Election of 1860 set the stage for the Civil War. Breckinridge wanted the federal government to protect slavery in the territories. The presidential election of 1860 set the stage for the American Civil war. With four candidates in the field, Lincoln received only 40% of the popular vote and 180 electoral votes — enough to narrowly win the crowded election. Lincoln closed his first inaugural address with the plea that his nation not be torn apart by war. " Latest; Search. 1860 Presidential Election. (Columbus: Richard Nevins, State Printer, 1861), pp. A long succession of events from 1846 until the eve of the first nominating convention in 1860 created the … [3] After two ballots, there was no clear choice. You can have no conflict without being yourselves the aggressors. The Democratic Party, in short, was in shambles as the 1860 presidential election approached. The United States presidential election of 1860 was perhaps the most pivotal in American history. I am loath to close. 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