11:3) B. Ex. When we look at evidence above we realise that to a very large extent the Spirit of God in the Old Testament and pre-Pentecost New Testament years is identical in role and action, and in relationship with humans, as the Holy Spirit understood from the post-Pentecost perspective. Celebrate. Leaving aside the unique operation of the Spirit of God in the incarnation and ministry of the Son of God, we find the Holy Spirit active in the following ways in the pre-Pentecost New Testament era: [1] Zachariah, filled with the Holy Spirit, prophesied [Luke 1:67]. Christ breathed the Holy Spirit on the Apostles before his ascension to give them the power to forgive sins. (the traditional start date of the Church) What ministries did the Holy Spirit engage in before Pentecost, recognized as the traditional start of the church? [5] The disciples  - were instructed by Jesus not to worry about what to say if they were arrested and questioned because the Holy Spirit would speak through them [Matthew 10:20 & Mark 13:11] or teach them what to say [Luke 12:12]. Points of Interest From the Day of Pentecost Account . Before Pentecost, God’s Holy Spirit blessed the people of Israel and, in reality, was their very life. This is what I covenanted with you when you came out of Egypt. In some of the references below there is a two-level fulfilment – a micro short-term physical fulfilment in the restoration of the prosperity of the nation of Israel, and a macro long-term fulfilment as an essential aspect of the spiritual salvation brought about by the Messiah. This must have been through the Holy Spirit. Before His arrest, Jesus had promised to send His disciples the Holy Spirit (John 14:15–17). Only through the work of the Holy Spirit … The apostles had chosen Mathias to replace Judas Iscariot, who had hanged himself.That brought their number back to 12. Sometimes these men are known to be God-fearers, sometimes we are not told of their spiritual position, and at other times they are obviously not people of faith. If it refers to the Holy Spirit it seems only to relate to Israel. Bible Based. As we read the Old Testament we find that quite a significant proportion of references to the Holy Spirit have some connection with this judgment. Pentecost and the Power of the Holy Spirit. And my Spirit remains among you. (John 14:16, 17) Baptism with the Holy Spirit – Question 28 What was the relationship of the Holy Spirit with those who believed in Jesus Christ before the Day of Pentecost? Closely related to the eternal nature of the Holy Spirit is His omniscience. How did it change? Reading only part of the scriptures relating to the period of time from the resurrection of Jesus to the initial sending of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost, will present only part of the message and in most cases not in the order of the actual events. But at Pentecost, the Spirit came much more powerfully upon Jesus’ disciples, and now dwells in (and empowers) all disciples of Jesus today (Ephesians 1:13-14). In 1 John the apostle places before us a profound, yet simple revelation: God knows all things. A. The Day of Pentecost. This was not mentioned at the time in their early history and when the covenants were ratified, but it is mentioned in retrospect when the prophets reminded the people of that history and of those covenants. The Spirit Of God Before Pentecost A. Gen. 1:2—God’s Word and God’s Spirit worked together to bring about creation (compare Heb. We can safely conclude from this that empowerment by the Spirit did not automatically infer the presence of true faith. 1 Samuel 16:14 Now the Spirit of the LORD had departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the LORD tormented him. (Luke 22:44; Hebrews 5:7; 1 Peter 4:1) But what we find now is that which was impossible before – to keep from sinning, for example when it comes to lustful thoughts – is now possible because we have the help of the Holy Spirit. [Note: in the Old Testament it is far more common for the prophets to describe their reception of God’s messages as ‘the word of the Lord came to me’ than to describe it in terms of the Spirit coming to them or empowering them or speaking through them. And the latter rain represents the final outpouring of the Holy Spirit, which will produce the ripening of the harvest just before the second coming of Christ. [Fill = pletho – Future tense]. 3 They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. How did it change? In years past, Pentecost was celebrated with greater solemnity than it is today. The Spirit “lives … Well, Pentecost is like the dedicatory opening of the Aswan High Dam. Before that the Holy Spirit came on people for specific gifts and purposes. God’s Spirit indwelling his people – indwelling, renewing, transforming. 17/03/2016 Daryngue De Sypal. At Pentecost, the Holy Spirit was poured out on all believers in Christ, and He came to stay. Here are few references: But at Pentecost, John spoke of another special outpouring of the Holy Spirit. (see upcoming show time) YesNo. I will pour out my Spirit in those days.’. God's grammar is perfect. by John D. Keyser. He ‘burned with anger’ and rallied men from the whole of, The first was part of the confirmation of Samuel’s word to Saul that he would be, The second prevented him from taking David captive, Isaiah 63:10 – ‘they rebelled and grieved his Holy Spirit.’. Two references, 11:24 and 40:2, indicate that all of this was ‘in visions’, that is, by way of revelations given to his mind, not in physical reality. THE PROMISE OF THE SPIRIT IN THE OLD TESTAMENT. Seems to refer only to returning Israelite exiles. (Luke 22:44; Hebrews 5:7; 1 Peter 4:1) But what we find now is that which was impossible before – to keep from sinning, for example when it comes to lustful thoughts – is now possible because we have the help of the Holy Spirit. Sometimes this happens only once to a particular person; sometimes, as the case with most of the writing prophets, this was for a sustained period of time. As the passover feast celebrated the exodus of the Israelites from the slavery of Egypt, so Pentecost celebrated God’s gift of the ten commandments to Moses on Mount Sinai. Before His arrest, Jesus had promised to send His disciples the Holy Spirit (John 14:15–17). Was the Holy Spirit on earth before Pentecost? [2] Two report human speculation about the action of the Spirit: [3] Several, in Daniel, spoken by pagan rulers, recognize divine enabling in Daniel, but misrepresent the God’s Spirit as ‘the spirit of the holy gods’ [Dan 4:8,9,18; 5:11 [12],14]. through His Spirit II. Moving forward to the day of Pentecost, we are told: Acts 2:1 And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. The Holy Spirit is very much present in the Old Testament era and the pre-Pentecost [pre Acts 2] era of the New Testament. While he engaged in external religious ritual [offering sacrifices] he did not demonstrate an obedient heart. When you study the scripture references in the sections of this study relating to the Old Testament you will find the following: You will also find a unity and identity between what the ‘Spirit’ does or says and what ‘God’ or ‘the LORD” does or says: In addition, there are a number of verses in which, by means of the parallelism of Hebrew poetry, the deity of the Spirit is expressed: ‘ “Woe to the obstinate children,” declares the LORD. Contained is … H. THE HOLY SPIRIT AND THE COVENANTS AND HISTORY OF ISRAEL. M. THE SPIRIT IN THE NEW TESTAMENT - PRE-PENTECOST. This new and different aspect was predicted in some of the verses in section J above, and also, more specifically, in the promises Jesus Christ gave to his disciples in John 14 – 16. © 2001 - 2020 Copyright God's Word For You - Rosemary Bardsley. Pentecost: The Descent of the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit Comes at Pentecost. At the very least its reference to Israel is to Israel after the death of Christ. User’s Guide to Sunday, May 31 ... where Christ told them to await the sending of the Holy Spirit (Acts 1:4). He joined a group of ‘prophets’ and prophesied with them; he was ‘changed into a different person’ [1Samuel 10:6,10]. In what way was the Holy Spirit working in the world before Pentecost? Before Pentecost the river of God's Spirit blessed the people of Israel and was their very life. This seems to be speaking of empowerment, not indwelling. Since the events surrounding the day of Pentecost in 31 A.D. are of the greatest significance, it is a matter of much interest to determine just where, in the city of Jerusalem, Yeshua’s disciples were assembled when the holy spirit of YEHOVAH God descended upon them. User’s Guide to Sunday, May 31 ... where Christ told them to await the sending of the Holy Spirit (Acts 1:4). 2 When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. This page is also available in: العربية (Arabic) Français (French) हिन्दी (Hindi). This is recorded in Ezekiel 3:12-15; 8:3ff; 11:1,24; 37:1; 43:5. 2 When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. This seems to refer to a trance-like state during which Saul and the other ‘prophets’ engaged in ecstatic speech. Before his ascension into heaven, Jesus had promised his disciples that he would send the Holy Spirit to give them strength and wisdom to spread the gospel throughout the world: "But you will receive power when the Holy … What was the role of the Holy Spirit before Pentecost? “Holy, holy, holy, “Lord God Almighty, Who [eternally] was and is and is to come!” Revelation 4:8. The final aspect of this new spiritual reality ushered in by Jesus Christ, and mentioned in anticipation in John 7:39; John 14:17, is the indwelling Spirit of God. He had a similar experience in 19:23-24, where he lay naked prophesying for a day and night. The scripture gives the reason for this great outpouring “But you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be witnesses to Me in Jerusalem , and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth” (V.8). At Pentecost, the Holy Spirit was poured out on all believers in Christ, and He came to stay. The account in Act 2 reports that, after Jesus ascended into heaven, Jesus’ followers were gathered together for the Feast of Harvest (aka Pentecost), and the Holy Spirit “ filled … or instructed him as his counsellor?’ [Isaiah 40:13]. May only refer to the human spirit or attitude, not to Holy Spirit. God gave the Holy Spirit to His Church on the Day of Pentecost, but few understand the meaning of this Holy Day. We also find that many of the Spirit-inspired messages spoken through men are messages of judgment – both by exposing and identifying sin and by announcing the judgment that will inevitably come unless people repent. What was the relationship of the Holy Spirit to Old Testament believers, such as Abraham, Moses, David, Isaiah, and the disciples of Christ before Pentecost? Before Pentecost the disciples are held back and told to wait. At creation the holy Spirit hoovered over the waters of the void earth. Too often, we neglect God’s Third Person by leaving Pentecost off of our church worship calendar and forgetting to teach on the subject. F. THE HOLY SPIRIT AS TEACHER AND INSTRUCTOR. We have also seen that the Holy Spirit is active in judgment, particularly in exposing sin and guilt. David, the Psalm writer, understood the presence of God with him as an individual and the presence of the Holy Spirit with him as an individual to be one and the same thing. What was before only physical symbol is now spiritual reality. That is the way Jesus did it. In the Old Testament the Holy Spirit empowered people in a range of activities and actions. Because the Holy Spirit made and makes possible the existence of the Church, the Feast of Pentecost is considered to be the birthday of the Church: the day on which we were given the gift of the Holy Spirit of God; the energy that keeps the Church in existence; the voice that speaks to … Before his ascension into heaven, Jesus had promised his disciples that he would send the Holy Spirit to give them strength and wisdom to spread the gospel throughout the world: "But you will receive power when the Holy … In order to understand this important section of Scripture, we will examine the events of Pentecost from a number of perspectives. The Holy Spirit filled him for a very practical ministry so that he Real Answers. To understand what changes in our relationship with the Spirit began at Pentecost, it is necessary to study the person, role and action of the Spirit in these pre-Pentecost eras. ‘… till the Spirit is poured upon us from on high, and the desert becomes a fertile field, and the fertile field seems like a forest.’. To make the Holy Spirit meaningful to all worshippers, celebrate, commemorate, and consecrate special occasions that bring the entire Trinity before the people. What he is in the Old Testament so he is in the New Testament and right through to the present. What is the role of the Spirit in communicating the Word of God and commissioning people to speak the Word of God? There are a few references to the Spirit that cannot be slotted into any of the above categories: [1] One clearly understands that the Spirit is a person, not a force or power. ‘For I will pour water on the thirsty land, and streams on the dry ground; I will pour my Spirit on your offspring, and my blessing on your descendants.’, ‘I will give them an undivided heart and put a new spirit in them; I will remove from them their heart of stone and give them a heart of flesh.’. Christian tradition says that it was the upper room—the same place where Jesus celebrated the Passover with His disciples (Mark 14:15; Luke 22:12). [6] Regeneration – the Holy Spirit’s essential work of regeneration is identified and taught prior to the Pentecost events – for example, John 3:3-8; 6:63. Some Christian denominations consider it the birthday of the Christian church and celebrate it as such. But there is obviously something new and different in the relationship of the Spirit with believers after Pentecost. But after Pentecost the power of the Spirit spread out to light the whole world. The Holy Spirit plays an important role in the entire Bible. This marked a major change in the Holy Spirit’s work. After His resurrection, Jesus “Commanded them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the Promise of the Father, ‘which, He said, ‘you have heard from Me; for John truly baptized with water, but you shall be baptized with the holy Spirit not many days from now’” (Acts 1:4,5). God's Word For You is a free Bible Study site committed to bringing you teaching and studies firmly grounded in the Bible, and the Bible's answers to your questions. ‘For it is his mouth that has given the order, and his Spirit will gather them together’ [Isaiah 34:16]. That is the way Jesus did it. This is evident in these two verses, where the parallel thoughts of Hebrew poetry make this identification clear: Psalm 51:11 – ‘Do not cast me from your presence. It is recorded in Acts chapter 2. And I will put my Spirit in you and move you to follow my decrees and be careful to keep my laws.’, ‘I will put my Spirit in you and you will live, and I will settle you in your own land. This life giving work of the Spirit obviously does not wait till Pentecost. Then you will know that I the LORD have spoken, and I have done it, declares the LORD.’, ‘I will no longer hide my face from them, for I will pour out my Spirit on the house of Israel, declares the Sovereign LORD.’. The name of the day itself is derived from the Greek word "pentecoste," meaning 50th. But after Pentecost the power of the Spirit spread out to light the whole world. The apostles had chosen Mathias to replace Judas Iscariot, who had hanged himself.That brought their number back to 12. [2] That the association between the Spirit and Saul was related to his role as king. The Holy Spirit  was given to the people from the beginning of time. Title: Holy Spirit: Before and After Pentecost: The Sermons of Derek Prince on CD Narrated By: Derek Prince Format: Compact disc Vendor: Whitaker House Publication Date: 2020 Dimensions: 7.5 X 5.25 (inches) Weight: 3 ounces ISBN: 1641234164 ISBN-13: 9781641234160 Series: Sermons of Derek Prince Stock No: WW234162 Through the Holy Spirit our own spirit has connection with God. Gen_1:2 And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. This new and different relationship with the Spirit does not negate any of the aspects and attitudes of the Spirit common to the Old and New Testaments, but is additional to them, and to some degree includes and/or intensifies some of them. 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